Spoken English Topic

Please study the following vocabulary or information for this week's lesson. Looking forward to talking to you!

Some of this information is from Wikipedia

Memorial Day is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering the people who died while serving in the country's armed forces. The holiday, which is observed every year on the last Monday of May, originated as Decoration Day after the American Civil War in 1868. By the 20th century, competing Union and Confederate holiday traditions, celebrated on different days, had merged, and Memorial Day eventually extended to honor all Americans who died while in the military service.

On Memorial Day, the flag of the United States is raised briskly to the top of the staff and then solemnly lowered to the half-staff position, where it remains only until noon. It is then raised to full-staff for the remainder of the day. The half-staff position remembers the more than one million men and women who gave their lives in service of their country. At noon, their memory is raised by the living, who resolve not to let their sacrifice be in vain, but to rise up in their stead and continue the fight for liberty and justice for all. Many people visit cemeteries and memorials, particularly to honor those who have died in military service. Many volunteers place an American flag on each grave in national cemeteries.

The National Memorial Day Concert takes place on the west lawn of the United States Capitol. The concert is broadcast on PBS and NPR. Music is performed, and respect is paid to the men and women who gave their lives for their country.

For many Americans, the central event is attending one of the thousands of parades held on Memorial Day in large and small cities all over the country. Most of these feature marching bands and an overall military theme with the National Guard and other servicemen participating along with veterans and military vehicles from various wars.

Memorial Day is not to be confused with Veterans Day which is observed annually on November 11; Memorial Day is a day of remembering the men and women who died while serving, while Veterans Day celebrates the service of all U.S. military veterans.

阵亡战士纪念日 Memorial Day - I

VocabularyDescription
activities
american
anniversary
band
banners The flag of a country, army, troop, etc.
battlefield The field or ground on which a battle is fought.
birth
blastThe blowing of a trumpet, whistle, etc.
blessings
brave
celebrate
celebration
cemeteryAn area set apart for or containing graves, tombs, or funeral urns, especially one that is not a churchyard
charmingpleasing; delightful
citizen
combatTo fight or contend against
common
country
countrysideA particular section of a country, especially a rural section.
culture
dangerous
defense
dream
dutySomething that one is expected or required to do by moral or legal obligation.
emotional
energy
equalityThe state or quality of being equal.
exchangesTo give up something for something else
explodeTo expand with force and noise because of rapid chemical change or decomposition, as gunpowder or nitroglycerine
explosion
family
feast
feeling
fighting
fireworks
flag
flowers
food
forever
free
freedom
friendships
gatherings
glory
goal(s)
grave
groups
hero
history
holiday
home
homeland
hoorayhurrah, used as an exclamation of joy, exultation, appreciation, encouragement, or the like
hope(s)
humble
idealA conception of something in its perfection.
importance
join
joy
joyful
joyous
keenfinely sharpened, as an edge; sharp
kin
kindness
laughterThe action or sound of laughing.
life
love
march
may
memorial
memories
music
musical
mutual
nation
national
native
nonsense
onenessThe quality of being one; singleness.
parade
peace
picnic
pride
public service
quick
quiet
respect
rights
service
sharing
slogan
soldier
solemngrave, sober, or mirthless, as a person, the face, speech, tone, or mood
special
spirit
stars
stripes
support
surprise
symbol
unbelievable
unify
union
unite
universal
values
veteran
victory
vitalof or relating to life
war
wave
waving
yellingTo cry out or speak with a strong, loud, clear sound

阵亡战士纪念日 Memorial Day - II

VocabularyDescription
admiration
alliance
ancestors
appreciation
braveryCourageous behavior or character.
citizenshipThe state of being vested with the rights, privileges, and duties of a citizen.
civicOf or relating to citizenship
commemorateRecall and show respect for (someone or something) in a ceremony.
communicationThe imparting or exchanging of information or news.
companionship
concentration
constitution
contribution
cooperation
coordinate
corps
dazzlingExtremely bright, especially so as to blind the eyes temporarily.
declaration
decoration
democracy
detonateTo explode with suddenness and violence.
detonation
devotionLove, loyalty, or enthusiasm for a person, activity, or cause.
dignitaryA person considered to be important because of high rank or office.
dignityThe state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect.
dramaticOf or relating to drama or the performance or study of drama.
encounterUnexpectedly experience or be faced with (something difficult or hostile).
endureSuffer (something painful or difficult) patiently.
entertainment
expectations
fascinationThe power to fascinate someone; the quality of being fascinating.
fatherlandOne's native country.
forefatherA member of the past generations of one's family or people; an ancestor.
glitterGlitter describes an assortment of small, flat, reflective particles. Glitter particles reflect light at different angles, causing the surface to sparkle or shimmer. Glitter is like confetti, sparkles, or sequins, but somewhat smaller.
grandeurHigh rank or social importance.
gratitude
habitualDone or doing constantly or as a habit.
heartfeltSincere; deeply and strongly felt.
heraldA royal or official messenger, especially one representing a monarch in an ambassadorial capacity during wartime.
heritageSomething that comes or belongs to one by reason of birth
hospitality
illusions
imageryThe formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively
imagination
immortality
inalienableUnable to be taken away from or given away by the possessor.
independence
indulgenceThe action or fact of indulging, satisfaction, gratification
informative
insight
integralBelonging as a part of the whole
legendaryOf the nature of a legend
liberation
liberty
loyalty
military
mission
occasion
official(s)
opportunities
opportunity
overwhelming
participation
passionate
patriotA person who loves, supports, and defends his or her country and its interests with devotion.
patriotic
patriotism
pompStately or splendid display; splendor; magnificence.
prayer
preservation
preserve
ramblingAimlessly wandering.
recreation
refreshment
rejoicing
relatives
relaxation
republic
reputation
responsibility
restful
reverenceA feeling or attitude of deep respect tinged with awe
ritualsA religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order.
rocket
sacrifices
saluteA salute is a gesture or other action used to display respect. Salutes are primarily associated with armed forces, but other organisations and civilians also use salutes
selfless
shrineA building or other shelter, often of a stately or sumptuous character, enclosing the remains or relics of a saint or other holy person and forming an object of religious veneration and pilgrimage.
sincere
streamers
super-patriotA person who is patriotic to an extreme.
symbolismThe use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities.
territoryAn area of land under the jurisdiction of a ruler or state.
traditions
tributeA gift, testimonial, compliment, or the like, given as due or in acknowledgment of gratitude or esteem.
valiantPossessing or showing courage or determination.
valorGreat courage in the face of danger, especially in battle.
versatileAble to adapt or be adapted to many different functions or activities.
vision
visionary
welfareWelfare is a government program which provides financial aid to individuals or groups who cannot support themselves. Welfare programs are funded by taxpayers and allow people to cope with financial stress during rough periods of their lives.
widespread
willingness
wisdom
worship
yearnTo have an earnest or strong desire

阵亡战士纪念日 Memorial Day - III

VocabularyDescription
boisterous(of a person, event, or behavior) noisy, energetic, and cheerful. (of wind, weather, or water) wild or stormy
cavalcadeA formal procession of people walking, on horseback, or riding in vehicles.
equineA horse or other member of the horse family.
nostalgiaA sentimental longing or wistful affection for the past, typically for a period or place with happy personal associations.
pyrotechnicsThe art of making or displaying fireworks.
quaintAttractively unusual or old-fashioned.





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